How to activate the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) on your PC if it is supported

Although your device may include a Trusted Platform Module (TPM) chip, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s enabled by default. If not, you may need to manually enable it to use features like BitLocker on Windows 10 or perform an in-place upgrade or clean install of Windows 11.

A Trusted Platform Module is tamper-proof silicon designed to generate, store and protect encryption keys. It is usually built into the motherboard, but you will also be able to get a module that you can then integrate into the system.

You wouldn’t generally think of TPM on home devices, as it was more of a feature designed for businesses. However, Windows 11 is expected to start rolling out to devices later this year, and Microsoft is now making the Trusted Platform Module a prerequisite for installing the operating system.

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If you’re planning to install Windows 11 and the Windows PC Health Check app tells you that your hardware isn’t compatible, even though you know everything else meets the requirements, or if you want to take advantage of advanced security features on Windows 10, you can quickly enable the security module from the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) settings.

In this Windows 10 guide, you will learn the steps to enable TPM on your computer so that you can install Windows 11 when it becomes available.

How to activate TPM via Windows 10

To enable Trusted Platform Module (TPM) on your computer through Windows 10 settings, follow these steps:

Warning: Changing the incorrect firmware settings may prevent your device from starting correctly. You should only access motherboard settings when you have a good reason. It is assumed that you know what you are doing.

  1. Open Settings.
  2. Click on Update and security.
  3. Click on Recovery.
  4. In the “Advanced startup” section, click the button Restart now button.

    Source: Windows Central

  5. Click on Repair.

    Advanced startup troubleshooting optionSource: Windows Central

  6. Click on Advanced options.

    Windows 10 advanced options Source: Windows Central

  7. Click it UEFI Firmware Settings option.

    Windows 10 UEFI firmware settings option Source: Windows Central

    Quick advice: If you have a legacy BIOS, the option will not be available.

  8. Click it Restart button.

    Restart Windows 10 to enter BIOS / UEFISource: Windows Central

  9. Open the security settings page.

    Quick Note: UEFI settings are usually different by manufacturer and even by computer model. Therefore, you may need to visit your manufacturer’s support website for more specific details in order to find the security settings.

  10. Select the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) option and press Enter.

    UEFI TPM settingsSource: Windows Central

  11. Select the Enabled option and press Enter.

    UEFI enable TPMSource: Windows Central

  12. Exit UEFI settings.
  13. Confirm the changes to restart the computer.

After you complete the steps, the security module will allow you to configure and use features like BitLocker or pass the compatibility check to install Windows 11.

How to activate the TPM via the boot sequence

If you don’t have access to the Windows 10 desktop, or if it’s a new computer, you can go to UEFI settings to enable a trusted platform module during the boot process.

To access the firmware settings to enable the TPM chip on your computer during the boot process, follow these steps:

  1. press the Power button.
  2. Check the Home screen to identify the key you need to press to enter the firmware (if applicable).
  3. Press the required key several times until you enter the configuration mode. Usually, you should press the Esc, Wipe off, or one of Function keys (F1, F2, F10, etc.).
  4. Open the security settings page.
  5. Select the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) option and press Enter.

    UEFI TPM settingsSource: Windows Central

  6. Select the Enabled option and press Enter.

    UEFI enable TPMSource: Windows Central

  7. Exit UEFI settings.
  8. Confirm the changes to restart the computer.

Once the steps are completed, the Trusted Platform Module will be activated on the computer.

If you do not see the information on the screen or if the computer starts up too fast, restart the device again and as soon as it starts up, quickly press the required key several times.

If you are unable to access the firmware using the keyboard, you may need to consult your manufacturer’s documentation to determine which key to press during boot. Here are some brands of computers and their respective keys to access the firmware of the motherboard:

  • Dell: F2 or F12.
  • HP: Esc or F10.
  • Acer: F2 or Delete.
  • ASUS: F2 or Delete.
  • Lenovo: F1 or F2.
  • MSI: Wipe off.
  • Toshiba: F2.
  • Samsung: F2.
  • Area: Press and hold the volume up button.

More Windows 10 resources

For more helpful articles, coverage, and answers to common Windows 10 questions, visit the following resources:

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