How to Install a Trusted Platform Module (TPM)

A Trusted Platform Module (TPM) uses its hardware to increase encryption strength and prevent tampering from unwanted outside sources, and they’ve been around for quite some time. They’ve gained more traction in the modern age since Microsoft included a TPM requirement to enable certain security features in Windows 11. We’re here to help you check your PC requirements and show you how to install a TPM module. trusted platform.

How to install a TPM

  1. First, verify that your PC does not already have a working TPM installed on its motherboard or through the CPU by pressing Win + R in Windows to open Run and type tpm.msc then press Enter. It’s possible to have a TPM installed without it being enabled by default, so it’s best to check.

Trusted Platform Module Management

Source: Windows Central (Image credit: Source: Windows Central)
  1. Now you need to check your motherboard for a TPM header. They have about 14-20 pins, usually with one pin blocked to prevent the wrong module from being installed. Consult your manual to find the header, usually labeled “TPM” or “SPI_TPM”, and be sure to purchase the correct module for your motherboard make and model. Trusted platform modules are not compatible with each otherso contact the manufacturer’s customer support if you are unsure.
  2. With your PC powered off and safely disconnected from power, securely install the TPM on your motherboard according to your manufacturer’s instructions.
  3. Turn on your PC and enter the BIOS by pressing the appropriate key, usually Del, F1 or F12. Keep an eye on your startup screen to identify the key you need if these don’t work. If you’re loading into Windows, you’ve gone too far and need to reboot to try again.

AMD FTPM-BIOS

Source: Windows Central (Image credit: Source: Windows Central)
  1. Check the UEFI firmware for a TPM option and enable the module. The exact naming style will differ between motherboards and TPMs. Since some CPUs have built-in TPMs, Intel CPUs often list them as “PTT” and AMD as variations of “fTPM”, but TPM should have its own section.
  2. Start Windows normally and check if your PC has detected the new TPM. Press Win + R again to open Run and type tpm.msc to see that it is ready to use.

Windows 10 checks the TPM chip

Source: Windows Central (Image credit: Source: Windows Central)

Enabling the TPM in your post-installation BIOS is a step that should not be skipped, as Windows may still not detect it, so follow the instructions carefully. You are now ready to use the latest Windows 11 security features with TPM 2.0 as long as the rest of your hardware meets the official requirements, so go ahead and upgrade.

Choose the right TPM

You must choose the correct TPM to match your motherboard, so be very careful when checking your make and model to find the correct module. It’s not just a software incompatibility either, the modules differ physically in their pin placement, so you can’t plug an incompatible brand into the wrong board. Check your manual or the official website for an overview of your motherboard’s features to search for a TPM header and find a compatible module.

Although some Intel and AMD processors and even some motherboards have built-in TPMs, either as hardware or software, a dedicated module is a more effective method of encrypting and protecting sensitive data. Fortunately, the TPMs are barely much longer than the pins on the motherboard itself, so they’re unobtrusive and shouldn’t obstruct other connections.

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